Tuesday, August 25, 2020
John steinbeck Essay John SteinbeckJohn Steinbeck was a well known American creator who composed from the 1920 to the 1940. Steinbeck was continually moving the nation over attempting to prevail as an author. John Steinbeck carried on with an existence of steady up and downs, victories and disappointments before he arrived on his feet and turned into an acclaimed creator. John Steinbeck was conceived in Salinas, California on February 27, 1902. He was the main child and the third offspring of John Ernst Steinbeck and Olive Hamilton. SteinbeckÃ¢â¬â¢s father claimed agreeable Victorian house in Salinas. JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s father dealt with the Sperry Flour Mill. Things were entirely useful for the Steinbeck, they were settled in a pleasant home they didn't need to numerous money related issues, however then financial challenges constrained JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s father excusal from the plant. SteinbeckÃ¢â¬â¢s father deiced to open a feed and grain store and start a new business himself. The store attempted to endure and in the end flopped totally. A dear companion of JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s father found him a line of work as a record for the Spreckles Sugar Company. Ã¢â¬Å"Although he had work, JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s father was amazingly crushed by the lose of his businessÃ¢â¬ (Stephen)Ã¢â¬Å"Encouraged by his folks John started to build up an affection literatureÃ¢â¬ (Morrow). At his ninth birthday celebration John got a duplicate of the book Morte dÃ¢â¬â¢Arthur. This was the primary book John at any point claimed. He later said it was an incredible impact upon his life. During his years at Salinas High School, John exceeded expectations in English. Toward the finish of his Freshman year in High School John had confirmed that he needed to turn into an author. Toward the finish of his Senior year John applied to Stanford University and was acknowledged as an English major. Happening to his accomplishment in secondary school John felt very partner that he would succeed. To pay for his instruction John went to class a large portion of a year and worked the other half. John discovered school exhausting and felt that he was a Ã¢â¬Å"writer in trainingÃ¢â¬ (Ito, 14) not an understudy. Following six years of battling to pass John left Stanford in 1925. Ã¢â¬Å"John was a long way from partner about his futureÃ¢â¬ (Harmon, 56) so he pressed his couple of possessions and went to a hotel close to Lake Tahoe. One of John companions got him a line of work at Lake Tahoe in June of 1925. His arrangement was to bring in enough cash to turn into an independent essayist in New York City.Low on reserves John marked on as a working billet on a tanker made a beeline for New York is November of 1925. At the point when he showed up in New York John found a new line of work as a paper offspring columnist. He at long last appeared to a protected activity and things appeared to be okay. Following two or three months filling in as an announced John understood that he didn't fit this sort of employment. Ã¢â¬Å"Due to his absence of experience John was never allowed to show his ability and he was given immaterial assignments with no valueÃ¢â¬ (Morrow 75).Numerous occasions he neglected to appear at work and was not long after terminated. Scarcely scratching by John composed an assortment of short stories. He went to two distributing organizations and he was shot somewhere near both. One clarified that they would not distribute an obscure essayist, they other wouldn't distribute short stories. Heart-broken and broke John found a new line of work as a server on a California bound vessel and made a beeline for his old employment at Lake Tahoe. To simply make things somewhat harder for John when he showed up at his old occupation, winter was not far behind and he got snowed in for eight months. He exploited this time and composed A Cup of Gold, an account of the privateer Henry Morgan. A distributing organization called McBride and Company consented to distribute A Cup of Gold and the book was on racks in the harvest time of 1929. At that point in 1930 John wedded Carol Henning. To add on to JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s good karma streak one of his books The Pastures of Heaven was distributed in 1932. In 1933 To a God Unknown and two pieces of The Red Pony were distributed. John at long last appeared to be on his feet. In 1934 John won the O. Henry prize for his short story Ã¢â¬Å"The MurdererÃ¢â¬ , yet that prize included some significant downfalls. JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s mother Olive Steinbeck kicked the bucket from loss of motion. In the wake of lamenting the lose of his mom, John needed to progress forward and attempting and get over this on e of numerous obstacles throughout his life. Pascal Covici, who worked for McIntosh Otis contracted John to distribute Tortilla Flat tossed his organization. Tortilla Flat was distributed in 1935 and Ã¢â¬Å"was bound to become JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s first business achievement and abstract classicÃ¢â¬ (Ito, 33). The book was a prompt accomplishment for John, yet by and by there was a clouded side to JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s achievement, his dad John Ernest Steinbeck kicked the bucket. Ã¢â¬Å"Steinbeck settled that he could never desert the quest for his own proficient fate as a writerÃ¢â¬ (Ito, 35). Ã¢â¬Å"The achievement of Tortilla Flat had picked up him national renownÃ¢â¬ (Pastori). John had at long last gotten the regard and acknowledgment the he merited. In 1937 Of Mice and Men was distributed and was picked by the Book-of-the-Month club. Proceeding with JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s achievement The Grapes of Wraith was distributed in 1939. This book was and still is viewed as probably the best book compose d. John increased outrageous acclaim from this novel. Ã¢â¬Å"This epic is as yet affecting ages todayÃ¢â¬ (Ito, 49)John Steinbeck survived some intense occasions of good and bad times. At whatever point things appeared to be going ideal for him, everything pivoted. John needed to bounce numerous obstacles to at long last make his deep rooted blessing from heaven, become an essayist. After numerous long stretches of difficulties John arrived on his feet and put it as an on the map creator.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
History and Social Science Annotated Biblio and Critical Analysis Paper Essay Clarified Bibliography and Critical Analysis Paper Cheirieamour Smith MTE/531 November 29, 2010 David White Theme: The Thirteen Colonies Grade: 4 (b) Knowledge and abilities. (1) History. The understudy comprehends the circumstances and end results of European colonization in the United States. The understudy is relied upon to: (A) clarify when, where, and why gatherings of individuals colonized and settled in the United States Annotated Bibliography Fradin, D. B. (2006). Defining moments in US History: Jamestown, Virginia. New York, NY: Benchmark Books. Outline: This book portrays how European pilgrims colonized America and established the principal settlement of the New World, Jamestown. The book investigates the life of the pioneers in Jamestown and the establishing father of the principal state. The writer centers around how the pioneers made due in the province and avoided assaults from the Indians who were at that point living on the land. The book experiences time following the historical backdrop of the early pioneers of the New World and the establishing and settling of Jamestown. The book tells how Jamestown made due as a settlement. The book portrays how the pioneers manufactured a fortification and other structure to shield their province from assault by the Indians. The creator discusses the tobacco cultivating which helped Jamestown endure and turn into an effective lasting state in the New World. This book is all around outlined with brilliant multiplication of print, paints and reports from the time and settlement of Jamestown. The creator centers around the pioneers of the state, the hardships and how they remained solid and endure. This book will assist understudies with seeing the principal effective state to get perpetual in the midst of the hardships. We will compose a custom exposition test on History and Social Science Annotated Biblio and Critical Analysis Paper explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom exposition test on History and Social Science Annotated Biblio and Critical Analysis Paper explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom article test on History and Social Science Annotated Biblio and Critical Analysis Paper explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer The book offers a true fill of how provincial life was in the 1600 and 1700s. The book additionally envelops shading exchange boxes with extra authentic realities and other intriguing realities and passages from genuine pioneers during that time. There are likewise maps for understudies to see where the Jamestown and different states settled and what they resemble today on the US map. Karwoski, G. (2001). Enduring Jamestown: The Adventures of Young Sam Collier. Atlanta, GA: Peachtree Publishers. Outline: This book gives a fascinating gander at the frontier times through the eyes of a little youngster, Sam Collier, who is amped up for heading out to the New World. Sam Collier is understudy to John Smith, the originator of the primary state, Jamestown. In the book, Sam Collier is twelve years of age and he believes is the most fortunate kid on the planet since he gets the chance to travel to the New World and start another life. Sam discovers his excursion is shy of energizing because of brutal occasions and battle for endurance. With the settling of Jamestown, pilgrims were ill-equipped. There was absence of food, the climate was brutal, numerous individuals passed on, and the pioneers were assaulted by the Indians who were at that point there. This book gives an early on investigate Jamestown, the main province settled in the New World. The setting of the story begins in England and ventures into the New World when Sam Collier, John Smith, and different pioneers showed up. There is debate all through the book in light of the fact that the originator of Jamestown, John Smith isn't trusted by different pilgrims so this causes conflict. Furthermore, Sam begins to think about whether he settled on the correct choice to go to the New World. The book is loaded up with brilliant delineations and maps of the course ventured out to the New World. Despite the fact that this a fiction book and it investigates the pioneer times, the Ã¢â¬Å"AuthorÃ¢â¬â¢s NoteÃ¢â¬ gives explanation of what is certainty and what is fiction in the book. This a decent book for youthful perusers to help with understanding the pilgrim period through the eyes of a multi year old kid. Masoff, J. (2000). Annal Of America: Colonial Times, 1600-1700. New York, NY: Scholastic. Synopsis: This book investigates what it resembled during the frontier times when pilgrims went to the New World. The book gives an alternate perspective on the provincial occasions from movement abroad the boat, the primary pioneers, food, work, hardship, affliction, instruction, and where the new pilgrims lived. To help with rising oneself into the content, the creator ses photos and delineations from living exhibition halls and legitimate recorded reenactments to show how provincial individuals lived in the 1600 and 1700s. The creator doesn't simply go on about names of the individuals who approach sink into the New World yet explains to how and why the New World was settled. The creator is nitty gritty in portraying how things were for the pioneers. The creator eve n incorporates the hardships pilgrims and their families confronted when they showed up in the New World, for example, the demise of numerous pioneers because of ailment. There is such a great amount of data in the book and the writer gives the peruser inquiries to start each new theme in the book. This will assist perusers with basic reasoning. The book has hued sidebars with significantly all the more fascinating data and recorded realities about pioneer times and exercises to attempt with the class. McGovern, A. (1992). In the event that You Lived In Colonial Times (second ed. ). New York, NY: Scholastic. Outline: This book discusses what life resembled in provincial occasions for little youngsters and young men. It portrays what everyday environments resembled in the New England provinces, what sort of apparel young ladies and young men wore, where they went to class, their propensities and habits, how they played, their homes, and food they ate. This is a decent book to help with acquainting how America came to fruition with youthful students and starting perusers. This book will assist understudies with investigating and envision life as frontier little youngsters and young men. The creator gives amazing outlines the assistance of the artist, June Otani, portraying what life looked like in the New England settlements. The photos help little youngsters and young men see what young ladies and young men resembled in the frontier times. The creator works admirably addressing inquiries regarding what little youngsters and young men did doing pilgrim times. Alongside the inquiries replied about frontier times, this is a decent book to help present youthful perusers the provincial occasions. This beautiful book gives little youngsters and young men and chance to live at the time of the frontier period and addition a superior comprehension of American history. Aristocrat, M. T. (2003). History Pockets: Colonial America. Monterey, CA: Evan-Moor Corp. Outline: This is a movement book that permits understudies to go through the period of the frontier times. The book gives realities about the pilgrim time. This book additionally gives hands on way to deal with finding out about provincial occasions. With help from the educator, understudies make pockets for their undertakings through pioneer times. The pockets are produced using development paper and are housed with data about pioneer times and the exercises understudies total as they travel through the provincial period. The creator gives an incredible open door that places understudies in the frontier period. The understudies are reproducing their own variant of the book and taking excursions through the frontier period with the assistance of the writer. The book additionally offers an open door for understudies do exercises related with the pilgrim period. Each pocket has a reference page about every action to be finished, quick actuality data about the time in provincial time, a prologue to the pioneer times page, and an about page for every time talked about in the book. For instance, if the conversation is about schools during the pilgrim time, the about sheet will say Ã¢â¬ËAbout SchoolÃ¢â¬ and the movement is related with that theme. Understudies will have made their own arrangement of the pilgrim times for future survey. This book doesn't simply give exciting exercises to learning; there is an assessment sheet for instructors toward the finish of the book to evaluate perception of the data learned. Basic Analysis Paper Colonial occasions were a significant part in history that prompted what is currently the United States of America. Journeys to the New World assisted with shaping of the thirteen provinces. A large number of the provinces were established on the reason of strict opportunity, a theme frequently evaded in homerooms today. Pioneers of the New World searched out a superior life liberated from strict mistreatment in England. Conversation of the establishing of the thirteen provinces makes for a lot of basic reasoning. With the end goal for understudies to see how and why the provinces were shaped they need to step in reverse a couple of steps and find out about the numerous journeys made to America. When this has been practiced this at that point opens the entryway for what turned into the thirteen settlements in the New World. A couple of titles have been decided to assist understudies with lowering themselves into understanding provincial America. The titles picked are fitting and appropriate for grades extending from fourth through 6th grade. Alongside the history course reading these titles can assist understudies with understanding the pioneer time and give hands on way to deal with finding out about what life resembled in the frontier period. Ã¢â¬Å"If You Lived in Colonial TimesÃ¢â¬ is a decent opener for acquainting the pioneer period with youthful students. This book is useful for indicating youthful students about how little youngsters lived during pilgrim times. This book likewise will help with opening studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ minds up to the idea that during that time kids were very little not the same as todayÃ¢â¬â¢s times.
Monday, August 10, 2020
Understanding Hysteria in the Past and Present History and Biographies Print What Is Hysteria? The Past and Present By Kendra Cherry facebook twitter Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Learn about our editorial policy Kendra Cherry Updated on August 28, 2019 Imagno/Getty Images More in Psychology History and Biographies Psychotherapy Basics Student Resources Theories Phobias Emotions Sleep and Dreaming Hysteria is a term used to describe emotional excess, but it was also once a common medical diagnosis. In laymans terms, hysteria is often used to describe emotionally-charged behavior that seems excessive and out of control. When someone responds in a way that seems disproportionately emotional for the situation, they are often described as hysterical. During the Victorian era, the term was often used to refer to a host of symptoms that were generally observed only in women. While it was once considered a diagnosable condition, hysteria was removed from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) in 1980. Today, those exhibiting hysterical symptoms might be diagnosed with conditions such as histrionic personality disorder, conversion disorder, or somatic symptom disorder. Hysteria can be defined as a feature of som conditions that involve people experiencing physical symptoms that have a psychological cause. An Overview of Conversion Disorder Symptoms Symptoms of hysteria included partial paralysis, hallucinations, and nervousness. Other symptoms that were often ascribed to hysteria included: Shortness of breathAnxietyFaintingNervousnessInsomniaSexual forwardnessIrritabilityAgitation The term is thought to have originated from ancient Greek physician Hippocrates, who associated these symptoms with the movement of a womans uterus throughout different locations in the body. Ancient thinkers believed that a womans uterus could travel freely through different areas of the body, often resulting in different symptoms and ailments based upon its travels. The term hysteria itself stems from the Greek hystera, which means uterus. Hysteria may not be a valid psychiatric diagnosis today, but it is a good example of how concepts can emerge, change, and be replaced as we gain a greater understanding of how human beings think and behave. The History of Hysteria During the late 1800s, hysteria came to be viewed as a psychological disorder. French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot utilized hypnosis to treat women suffering from hysteria. The mystery of hysteria played a major role in the early development of psychoanalysis. The famed Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud had studied with Charcot, so he had first-hand experience observing patients who had been diagnosed with the ailment as well as Charcots treatment methods. It was Freuds work with colleague Josef Breuer on the case of Anna O., a young woman experiencing the symptoms of hysteria, that helped lead to the development of psychoanalytic therapy. Anna had found that simply talking about her problems with her therapist had a major impact on her well-being. She dubbed this treatment the talking cure and it is still referred to as talk therapy to this day. Carl Jung, a colleague of Freuds, treated a young woman named Sabina Spielrein who was also thought to suffer from hysteria. Jung and Freud often discussed Spielreins case, which had an impact on the theories both men developed. Spielrein herself trained as a psychoanalyst and helped introduce the psychoanalytic approach in Russia before she was murdered by Nazis during World War II. How Psychoanalysis Influenced Psychology Hysteria In Modern Psychology Today, psychology recognizes different types of disorders that were historically known as hysteria including dissociative disorders and somatoform disorders. Dissociative disorders are psychological disorders that involve a dissociation or interruption in aspects of consciousness including identity and memory. These types of disorders include dissociative fugue, dissociative identity disorder, and dissociative amnesia. Somatoform disorder is a class of psychological disorder that involves physical symptoms that do not have a physical cause. These symptoms usually mimic real diseases or injuries. Such disorders include conversion disorder, body dysmorphic disorder, and somatization disorder. In 1980, the American Psychological Association changed their diagnosis of hysterical neurosis, conversion type to that of conversion disorder. In the recent publication of the DSM-5, symptoms that were once labeled under the broad umbrella of hysteria would fit under what is now referred to as somatic symptom disorder. Somatic symptom disorder involves having a significant focus on physical symptoms such as weakness, pain, or shortness of breath. This preoccupation with symptoms is so pronounced that it results in significant distress and difficulties with normal functioning. The individual may or may not have a medical condition. It is important to note that this does not involve faking an illness; whether the person is sick or not, they believe that they are ill. Understanding Somatic Disorders
Saturday, May 23, 2020
In the short-film Ã¢â¬Å"iÃ¢â¬ , the audience experienced the journey of Chris Ladd as he worked to determine his true identity. His journey reflected the change in ideas and measurement of personality over time. He ultimately concluded that there isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a way to label oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own identity, but rather all measurements are simply descriptors. To arrive at this conclusion he partook in the three major methods of personality study: Subjective, Objective and BLIS-Data Inventories. Through these tests, it was present that though major themes were continued throughout the process for Ladd, each measurement gave a different and incomplete answer. This led me to believe that if I were to also study my own identity, I would use similar but look at the results through a different lens, specifically one of introspection. Ladd began his journey with projective/subjective methods, which was completed through the use of a psychic. He was critical of this methodology from the beginning , mainly due to its founding in Freud and the lack of reliability in the studies. This is alluded to in the film with the variability of answers to Rorschach Tests, which can be interpreted differently by a patient each time, and the administrator can also interpret the answers differently each time. When the psychic made a computing error, it acted as a self-fulfilling prophecy for Chris, and he even pointed out that her predictions for his future fall in line with general hopes, such as living in a nice apartment in
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
___________________________________________________________________ Case Study corporate finance Case 28 Ã¢â¬â An Introduction to Debt Policy and Value Case 30 Ã¢â¬â MCI Communications, Corp.: Capital Structure Theory ___________________________________________________________________ Table of Contents Case 28 - An Introduction to Debt Policy and Value 3 Effects of Debt on the Value of the Firm 3 Split of Value between Creditors and Shareholders 4 Source of Value Creation 4 Effects on Value per Share 5 The Benefits of Leveraging for the Shareholders 6 The Macroeconomic Benefit of Debts 7 Koppers Company, Inc. 7 Case 30 Ã¢â¬â MCI Communications, Corp.: Capital Structure Theory 9 Introduction 9 Cost of Capital 9 Costs ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Source of Value Creation While in table 2 is illustrated, where the additional value from an increased leverage is going, we now have a closer look at where the change in value is coming from. For this purpose, we divide the free cash flow of the firm into pure business flows and cash flows resulting from financing effects and discount them at a consistent rate reflecting the cash flowsÃ¢â¬â¢ risk. As shown in table 3, the total value of cash flow is increasing if debt is augmented. It is also obvious that this increase in value is generated by the cash flows resulting from financing effects. But how does this gain come about? In fact, table 3 illustrates one of the most important theories in corporate finance, which says that the value of a levered firm is equal to the value of an unlevered firm plus the present value of the tax shield provided by debt (Copeland, Weston and Shastri, 2005, p. 562). Since the tax authority treats interest going to the bondholders differently from the way it treats earnings going to stockholders, there emerges a difference in the tax payment the firm has to fulfil. Actually, the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s tax payment is positively related to its debt, as the interest is not taken into account by corporate taxation while earnings after interest but before taxes are taxed at the existing tax rate (which in this case is 35%). The increased value of the total cash flow in table 3 arises therefore from the so-called tax shield associatedShow MoreRelatedFIN553 Penelope Case Group 2 Essay627 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ FIN553 Advanced Coporate Finance Case Study: Penelopes Personal Pocket Phones Group 2 Brian Erber, Jaime Carreno, Wenliang Zhang, Xue Liu (Introduction) Background info about the project. In order to evaluate the NPV of the first-generation phone (project) ignoring the possibility of investing in the second-generation phone (project), we projected the free cash flows (FCF) of the first-generation phone through 2001 to 2006. The total FCF was calculated as EBIT plus deprecationRead MoreCapital Investment Decisions: the Case of Diamond Plc3285 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesCapital Investment Decisions: The case of Diamond PLC CONTENT PAGE PAGES 1.1 - Introduction...................................................................................................4 1.2 - Literature review............................................................................................4-6 2.1 - Advantages and disadvantages of Net Present Value....................................6-7 2.2 - Advantages and disadvantages of Internal Rate of Return...................Read MoreHarley Davidson6082 Words Ã |Ã 25 Pagesinclude women and young people Threats include: Aging customer base Stricter Environmental Laws in Europe than in US Increase European standards and requirements Strict government trade regulations in Asian markets Competitors greater access to finance and marketing resources 4.0 PESTLE ANALYSIS A PESTLE analysis helps identify the attractiveness of a market or industry within which an organisation operates and aids in accessing the suitability of the strategic options in relation to a strategicRead MoreMarketing Communications Strategy - Tesco4875 Words Ã |Ã 20 Pagesprofits over the next five years. 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The empirical study is based on eight different DCF models performed by American, European and Nordic investment banks on the Swedish retail company Hennes Mauritz (HM). These modelsRead MoreCase Study Molson Coors Brewing Company5316 Words Ã |Ã 22 PagesCASE STUDY: MOLSON COORS BREWING COMPANY 1. COMPANY HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND GROWTH The Molson Coors Brewing Company is an alcohol beverage company. It manufactures and markets beers and other beverage products through its subsidiaries across the world. Commercializes its products under a line of owned and partner brands. MCBC operates through four reportable segments, namely, Canada, the US, the UK, and Molson Coors International (MCI). Some of its major brands include Coors Light, MolsonRead MoreCase Study Molson Coors Brewing Company5324 Words Ã |Ã 22 PagesCASE STUDY: MOLSON COORS BREWING COMPANY 1. COMPANY HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND GROWTH The Molson Coors Brewing Company is an alcohol beverage company. It manufactures and markets beers and other beverage products through its subsidiaries across the world. Commercializes its products under a line of owned and partner brands. MCBC operates through four reportable segments, namely, Canada, the US, the UK, and Molson Coors International (MCI). Some of its major brands include Coors Light, Molson CanadianRead MoreAccounting Theory Assignment13240 Words Ã |Ã 53 PagesGÃ ©nÃ ©ral designed for public sector enterprises. FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s accounting history goes back till 1630 and factors such as the legal system, enterprise ownership and other country influences have contributed to the evolution. Using Gray, Hofstede and GLOBE studies, we can see how FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s culture affects the accounting system, and these findings are being compared to European Union and the World Average as a whole to have a better understanding. Two concepts, Harmonization and Global Financial C risis are theRead MoreSample Resume : Marketing Assistant Workshop Supervisor Essay9105 Words Ã |Ã 37 Pagestechnical competencies from your major, and other areas of study Ã¢â¬ ¢ use authoritative sources Ã¢â¬ ¢ provide in-text references in APA (6th ed.) Ã¢â¬ ¢ include a Reference List with the full reference (APA 6th ed.) Throughout Co-operative Education you will be focusing on how you are achieving the BBus Learning Goals set out below: Learning Goal 1: Be self-directed, reflective learners Learning Goal 2: Be knowledgeable in their major field(s) of study Learning Goal 3: Be critical enquirers and creative problem
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Chapter 1 Summary Millions of years ago, the two American continents became geologically separated from the Eastern Hemisphere land masses where humanity originated. The first people to enter these continents came across a temporary land bridge from Siberia about 35,000 years ago. Spreading across the two continents, they developed a great diversity of societies based largely on corn agriculture and hunting, In North America, their societies were less numerous and urbanized than in South America, though some peoples like the Pueblo and Iroquois developed complex social orders. We will write a custom essay sample on American Pageant Chapter 1 Study Guide or any similar topic only for you Order Now The impetus for European colonization came from the desire for new trade routes to the East, the spirit and technological discoveries of the Renaissance, and the power of the new European national monarchies. The European encounters with America and Africa, beginning with the Portuguese and Spanish explorers, convulsed the entire world. Biological change, disease, population loss, conquest, slavery, cultural change, and economic expansion were just some of the consequences of the commingling of two ecosystems. After they conquered and then intermarried with Indians of the great civilizations of South America and Mexico, the Spanish conquistadors expanded northward into the northern border territories of Florida, New Mexico and California. There they established small but permanent settlements in competition with the French and English explorers who were also venturing into North America Identification Chapter 1 1. Extended period when glaciers covered most of the North American continent 2. Staple Crop that formed the economic foundation of Indian civilizations 3. Important Mississippian culture site, near present East St. Louis, Illinois. 4. First European nation to send explorers around the west coast of Africa 5. Flourishing West African kingdom that had its capital and university at Timbuktu 6. Mistaken term that European explorers gave to American lands because of the false belief that they were off the coast of Asia 7. Animal introduced by Europeans that transformed the Indian way of life on the Great Plains 8. Among the major European diseases that devastated Native American populations after 1492 (name two) 9. Disease originating in Americas that was transmitted to Europeans after 1492 10. Treaty that secured Spanish title to lands in Americas by dividing them with Portugal 11. Wealthy capital of the Aztec empire 12. Person of mixed European and Indian ancestry 13. Indian uprising in New Mexico caused by Spanish efforts to suppress Indian religion 14. Indian people of the Rio Grande Valley who were cruelly oppressed by the Spanish conquerors 15. Roman Catholic religious order of friars that organized a chain of missions in California Chapter 1 MC 1. The geologically oldest mountains in North America are A. the Appalachians B. the Rockies C. the Cascades D. he Sierra Nevada 2. The Indian peoples of the New World A. developed no advanced forms of civilization B. were divided into many diverse culture speaking more than two thousand different languages C. were all organized into the two large empires of the Incas and the Aztecs D. relied primarily on nomadic herding of domesticated animals for their sustenance 3. The Iroquois Confederacy remained a strong political milita ry influence until A. The Spanish conquest of the Americas B. The fur trade was wiped out in the early 1700s C. The French and Indian War D. The American Revolution . Among the important forces that first stimulated European interest in trade and discovery was A, the Christian crusaders who brought back a taste for the silks and spices of Asia B. the Arab slaver traders on the east coast of Africa C. the Scandinavian sailors who had kept up continuous trade contacts with North America D. the division of Spain into small kingdoms competing for wealth and power 5. Among the most important American Indian products to spread to the Old World were A. animals such as buffalo and horses B. technologies such as the compass and the wheel C. conomic systems such as plantation agriculture and livestock raising D. foodstuffs such as maize, beans, and tomatoes 6. The primary staples of Indian agriculture were A. potatoes, beets, and barley B. rice, manioc, and peanuts C. maize, beans, and squash D. wheat, oats, and corn 7. The number of Indians in North America at the time Columbus arrived was approximately A. one million B. four million C. twenty million D. two hundred and fifty million 8. Before Columbus arrived, the only Europeans to have temporarily visited North America were A. The Greeks B. The Irish C. The Norse D. The Italians 9. The Portuguese were the first to enter the slave trade and establish large-scale plantation using slave labor in A. B. C. D. West Africa The Atlantic Sugar Islands The West Indies Brazil 10. Much of the impetus for Spanish exploration and pursuit of glory came from SpainÃ¢â¬â¢s recent A. successful wars with England B. national unification and expulsion of the Muslim Moors C. voyages of discovery along the coast of Africa D. conversion to Roman Catholicism 11. A crucial political development that paved the way for the European colonization of America was A. the rise of Italian city-states like Venice and Genoa B. the feudal noblesÃ¢â¬â¢ political domination of the merchant class C. the rise of the centralized national monarchies such as that of Spain D. the political alliance between the Christian papacy and Muslim traders 12. The primary reason for the drastic decline in the Indian population after the encounter with the European was A. the rise of intertribal warfare B. the IndianÃ¢â¬â¢s lack of resistance to European diseases such as smallpox and malaria C. the sharp decline in the Mexican birthrate D. the sudden introduction of the deadly disease syphilis to the New World 13. Cortes and his men were able to conquer the Aztec capital Tenochitlan partly because A. They had larger forces than the Aztecs B. The Aztec ruler Montezuma believed that Cortes was a god whose return had been predicted C. The Aztecs were peace-loving people who did not believe in war or conquest D. The city of Tenochitlan already had been devastated by a disease epidemic 14. The primary early colonial competitor with Spain in the New World was A. Portugal B. Italy C. France D. England 15. The belief that the Spanish only killed, tortured, and stole in the Americas while doing nothing good is called A. he encomienda B. the mission of civilization C. the Evil Empire D. the Black Legend D. Matching people, places, and Events Chapter 1 __1. Ferdinand and Isabella A. Female Indian slave who served as an interpreter for Cortes __ 2. Cortes and Pizarro B. Legendary founder of the powerful Iroquois Confederacy __ 3. Lake Bonneville C. Wealthy capital of the Aztec empire __ 4. Dias and da Gam a D. Financiers and beneficiaries of ColumbusÃ¢â¬â¢s voyages to the New World __ 5. Columbus E. Portuguese Navigators who sailed around the African coast __ 6. Malinche F. Founded in 1565, the oldest continually inhabited European settlement in United States territory __ 7. Montezuma G. Italian-born navigator sent by English to explore North American Coast in 1498 __ 8. Hiawatha H. Italian-born explorer who thought that he had arrived off the coast of Asia rather than on unknown continents __ 9. Tenochtitlan I. Powerful Aztec monarch who fell to Spanish conquerors __ 10. St. Augustine J. Spanish conquerors of great Indian civilizations __ 11. John Cabot K. Franciscan missionary who settled California __ 12. Junipero Serra L. Inland sea left by melting glaciers whose remnant is the Great Salt Lake How to cite American Pageant Chapter 1 Study Guide, Essay examples
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Question: Discuss About The Comparison Of Models For Marginal Biofuels? Answer: Introduction The air we breathe the sun that gives warmth and the clouds that bring the showers are all elements of environment. Where the environment is not taken care of, it results in a number of stakeholders being harmed, and the leading one in this are the humans. This marketing it important to take care of the environment1. Due to the rising awareness on the issues surrounding environment, particularly the negative impact caused on the environment, which results in its detriment, responsibility has been imposed on the regulatory bodies to safeguard the environment2. As a result of this, different regulations have been imposed, where the purpose is to protect and safeguard the environment. These regulations are particularly applicable on the industries, which are known for polluting the environment as a regulatory measure, and acts as guidance for the other industries3. This study focuses on the work done by the power generation industry, and its impact on the environment. Description of Operations and Processes in Power Generation Industry There are different ways of power generation and the top two ways include the electric power generation and the thermal power generation. There is a heavy reliance of the power generation industry on the heating and on the conditioning services. The electric power is generated through central station generators, located in remote areas, which are far from the consumption point. Based on the type of power generation, the particular processes are undertaken. Environmental Aspects, their Impacts and Prioritisation To turn on the light, simply a switch has to be flicked. To get water, a tap has to be turned. No efforts have to be made for breathing the air. These are all the different gifts which are given to us through the nature. Imagining the life without these elements is not even possible now4. But it takes a lot more for the light to come than just flicking a switch. Per se a lot of background activities are undertaken for the light to reach the bulb on flicking a switch. These background activities are undertaken in power generation and by the entire industry dedicated towards power generation. In Singapore, there is no single source for generation of power, and includes natural gas and waste, along with the other means like solar and wind power generation. Some power generation plants use oil fired thermal, some gas, and the others use waste to energy as the source of power generation. There will be a continued reliance on fossil fuel even in the next decade for power generation in the nation due to the substitute energy sources being able to be deployed to limited extent and nuclear power not being in the agenda of the nation in near future5. There are a number of environmental aspects which have a possibility of significantly impacting the environment due to the power generation activities and these include: CO2 emissions are the key polluter which have a negative impact over the environment, and affects the entire ecosystem6. The priority on this is due to the same resulting in global warming, which is the key theme in any and all regulations across the globe, and also included in concepts like corporate governance and corporate social responsibility7. Global warming and climate change due to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, owing to burning of fossil fuels coupled with deforestation8. Depletion of natural resources is linked with sustainability9. Depletion of marine life due to the naturally occurring natural gas steeping from ocean floor. This is coupled with poisoning and the risks of ruptures and leaks in pipelines10. Hampering biodiversity due to the extinction of different flora, fauna and marine life. Waste accumulation from nuclear reactors is often radioactive, which causes a negative environment impact for years to come11. Indirect land use impacting bio-fuels is related to the unintentional result of CO2 emissions being released owing to the land use changes12. Dislocation of individuals living near reservoirs, due to the depletion of the ecosystem, forcing in the tribal and aboriginal individuals being affected gravely. Disruptive aquatic ecosystems and bird life due to high pollutants in the air. Major release of carbon dioxide at construction and flooding of reservoir. Adverse impact over the river environment due to heavy metal and chlorine in the cooling water discharges13. Risks of terrorism and sabotage when hydroelectricity is used. Catastrophic failures in rare cases of dam wall affecting the life nearby. Geothermal plants having major impact on local ecosystem. Earth tremors caused due to removal of ground water and accelerated cooling of rock formations. Solar power resulting in creation of solar cells made of silica, extraction of which requires fossil fuel, resulting in CO2 being produced14. Fracking or hydraulic fracturing due to use of shale gas15. General population safety due to the possibility of natural gas pipelines, spread across thousands of miles, corroding and weakening over time. In case of rupture in these pipelines, there is possibility of explosions. Example of this can be seen in the corrosions in pipes resulting in the Massachusetts explosions. Another example is of New Mexico where 12 people were killed due to explosion in 200010. Nuclear power posing routine health risks, along with the greenhouse has emission owing to the nuclear fission power Disruption of land wildlife due to drilling for natural gas. hale gas concerns regarding population, for instance groundwater poisoning. Use of other modes like coal again contributes to carbon emissions. In comparison to the other nations, which are major polluters due to reliance on coal, Singapore refrains from using coal as a source of power generation, but this continues to be an alternative source. The info graphic presented below further highlights the use of sources used by different nations for power generation. This shows the reliance by Singapore on the natural gas for power generation, which is a major contributor of carbon emissions16. The key environmental impact due to the power generation industry working in Singapore is the carbon dioxide generation. This is due to the fact that Singapore relies on natural gas for its power generation. When the natural gas is burned, carbon dioxide is produced. Carbon dioxide traps the heat in the upper atmosphere and this results in greenhouse has, which is a major cause for global warming, as per The Natural Gas Supply Association. As per the World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF) 2012 report, Singapore had the biggest carbon footprint per person in the region of Asia Pacific. For meeting the demands of resources, 3.5 planets would be needed17. This view does not bode well with the government due to their report that emission in the nursing using carbon as a form of power generation is higher in comparison to Singapore. Vivian Balakrishnan, the erstwhile environment minster responded to this by stating that the manner in which Singapore utilizes its resources, the way the transportation system is organized and the way energy is generated, the nation has done far better in comparison to others. Around 80% of the power generation of the nation comes from natural gas which is the cleanest fossil fuel as per Energy Market Authority17. Yet, it cannot be denied that power generation is the key source of carbon emissions in the nation, and due to the limited capacity of the nation to make effective use of the alternative energy sources, reliance is placed heavily on the imported fossil fuel for powering the nation. Due to the increased CO2 levels, the global warning is caused, which in turn causes climate change. When fossil fuels are burnt to generate power, the greenhouse gas emissions are caused. The need for energy is not only rising in Singapore but across the globe. The projected population growth highlights the urgent need to deal with the greenhouse gas emissions. There is also the depletion of natural resources in terms of deforestation, impact on biodiversity, marine life, wildlife and bird life being affected due to the changes in environment and the emissions. Due to the waste accumulation, biodiversity is hampered. The marine life in particular is impacted due to activities like fracking, which in turn impacts the entire ecosystem, including the humans. Even the other modes of power generation are coupled with their shortfalls, resulting in carbon dioxide emissions. To elucidate the risk factor of CO2 emissions, the same has been put in the risk matrix. Risk Matrix Likelihood Unlikely Likely Very Likely Consequences Minor Serious Disaster 25 The remaining risks have been put in a risk assessment matrix, to better analyse their gravity, and the same is attached in Appendix 1. Pollution Control Technologies One cannot deny the fact that power is the main driver to the human progress. For maintaining economic development and the way of life, there is a need for constant access to power and that too at affordable prices. Due to the impact of power on the personal welfare and also on the economic effectiveness, there is a need for maintaining strict quality standards by the power suppliers for providing their services and that too at competitive costs. This requires adherence to extremely high performance ratios. There is also a need to effectively collaborate for developing infrastructure which could guarantee the supply on both medium and long term. Further there is a need to be respectful to the environment, especially owing to the reluctance of the society in continuing to rely on the power generation techniques which are polluting. In order to do so, there is a need to manage the investments and the operating costs in an effective manner. The different power generation sources have to be integrated effectively and this is both for the micro grids to the full scale conventional fuelled plants. There is a need to adopt the IT techniques which could improve the efficiency and effectiveness of services18. Amongst the different energy options, solar energy is the most promising one for the nation. By switching to the other modes of power generation, the emissions related to CO2 can be curbed, which is the key cause of concern for Singapore. There is also the option of switching to the coal as a source of power generation in place of natural gas, but this method is also coupled with high emissions. The other option which could help in dealing with the negative impact of the power generation industry on the environment is cogeneration, which is the generation of electricity and heat through the same process19 Again, this process would help in reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases like the CO2. The next manner of bringing down the environmental impact is to create more energy with lesser CO2 emitters, by adopting the lower CO2 emission solutions. One could also make use of shale technology, and the earlier stated solar energy as these are the new technologies, which can bring down the negative impact stated above. Shale gas for the purpose of power generation has already enabled US in achieving major reducing in the CO2 emissions in the past years. This could prove to be of help for Singapore also. Solar power has already seen a major ramp up in the nation in the recent past due to rising efficiency and falling costs in harnessing the power of sun4. Another pollution controlling technology in context of the power generation industry is the shift towards fuel mix. At present, the majority of fuel of the nation comes from the Malaysian and Indonesian natural gas pipelines. Though, by improving upon the technology for harnessing and also storing the electricity, greater reliance on renewable sources are expected, particularly the solar energy. In context of solar energy, it has already been announced by the government of Singapore that the electricity demand would be met through solar means by 2020 to 5%. Fuel mix would also drive developments in the clean technology in context of shale gas extraction and burning goal, which are both cheap and abundant sources. However, both of these are coupled with limitations due to the groundwater poising through sale gas and coal resulting in carbon emissions. In line with the regulations of Singapore, there is a need to bring worth and support the policies based on the economic principle of t axing the negative externalities. For instance, the present road use tax for congested roads, cigarette taxation imposed on passive smokers, and emissions from car for pollution created20. Recommended Control Measures From the different alternatives discussed above, the best two options for controlling the pollution, management impacts and complying with the regulations of the nation, are reliance being placed on solar energy and cogeneration. The reason for focus on these two measures stems from the fact that both of these help in reducing the carbon emissions. The different regulations which would be fulfilled with this reduction include the Environmental Pollution Control Act and the Environmental Pollution Control (Air Impurities) Regulations21. Alternative energy sources This is the best time for investments to be made in the alternative energy sources, particularly the renewable energy sources like solar energy. As stated earlier, solar power is being increasingly used in Singapore for the purpose of power generation and is in line with the more conventional sources. As peer Alvin Yeo, who held the post of director of industry development of the Energy Market Authority, there has been a nineteen fold jump in the nation in the solar powered energy, which is further supported by a number of government initiatives. Solar energy is relied on more and more due to its abundance and due to it being a clean energy solution. These help particularly in checking the carbon emissions. It also helps in hedging the energy spending due to the low prices being locked for longer periods in comparison to the other sources, particularly the ones with fluctuating prices4. Singapore is particularly well suited for the solar energy due to the perennial sunny climate. There has been a major fall in the prices of solar panels due to the entry of China as a producer in the market of solar panels20. Solar energy is the most promising opportunity for the nation as a power generation source, particularly due to the fall in the solar photovoltaic panel prices, and this has made solar energy economical in comparison to the electricity which is derived from the fossil fuels. The SolarNova programme has also been brought forth to accelerate the solar development and to promote the solar demand across the agencies16. Though, in making use of solar power, care would have to be taken, as this mode of power generation is also coupled with its disadvantages. When the solar cells are created, they are made primarily of silica from the sand. When the silicon is extracted from silica, it often requires the usage of fossil fuels. However, the newer manufacturing processes of the same have helped in elimination of the CO2 production. Also, there is the problem of upfront costs to environment due to production but the clean energy offered through solar power cannot be denied across the lifespan of solar cell. Thus, more or less, the demerits of solar energy are cancelled out. Cogeneration In order to generate energy and power in a more responsible manner, reliance could be placed on cogeneration, where both heat and electricity are generated from the very same process which helps in getting a higher amount of useful energy in same fuel amount. In the majority of power plants which are across the globe, 2/3rd of energy which is produced gets wasted in form of excess heat. As a result of this, the fuel is not made use of to the max of its efficiency. When cogeneration is adopted, a part of the heat generated through the burning of fuel gets captured and is recycled for the other processes or for the purpose of building heat. This helps in extracting higher sum of useful energy from the same fuel, resulting in higher fuel efficiency. This in turn results in the fuel consumption being reduced, which causes emissions of carbon dioxide to be reduced19. Cogeneration technology is basically the energy efficient solution for the facilities which required electricity and thermal energy. The investment in such technology would help in reducing carbon emissions and also in saving costs. This technology is already being used at Singapore Refinery site since October 2017 at Pioneer Road. This has resulted in energy efficiency of the refinery being increased by 4-5% which has brought down 265 kilo tonnes of CO2 emissions each year19. Conclusions Thus, from the discussion undertaken in the previous segments, it becomes clear that power generation in Singapore is coupled with a number of negative environmental impacts and the leading one in this is the carbon dioxide emissions, which create ripple effects and result in different a number of issues like global warming, depletion of wildlife and natural resources, disrupting the biodiversity and even causes threat on the life of general public. Due to these reasons, it becomes crucial to deal with this issue; and for this purpose, different pollution control measures could be deployed. The best options in this regard however have been covered in detail in the recommendation segment and these two are the reliance being placed on solar energy and cogeneration. Through the adoption of these two measures, the carbon dioxide emissions, which are the key cause of concern from the present day power generation activities in the nation, can be given away with. 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