Saturday, May 23, 2020

I, By The Audience Experienced The Journey Of Chris Ladd

In the short-film â€Å"i†, the audience experienced the journey of Chris Ladd as he worked to determine his true identity. His journey reflected the change in ideas and measurement of personality over time. He ultimately concluded that there isn’t a way to label one’s own identity, but rather all measurements are simply descriptors. To arrive at this conclusion he partook in the three major methods of personality study: Subjective, Objective and BLIS-Data Inventories. Through these tests, it was present that though major themes were continued throughout the process for Ladd, each measurement gave a different and incomplete answer. This led me to believe that if I were to also study my own identity, I would use similar but look at the results through a different lens, specifically one of introspection. Ladd began his journey with projective/subjective methods, which was completed through the use of a psychic. He was critical of this methodology from the beginning , mainly due to its founding in Freud and the lack of reliability in the studies. This is alluded to in the film with the variability of answers to Rorschach Tests, which can be interpreted differently by a patient each time, and the administrator can also interpret the answers differently each time. When the psychic made a computing error, it acted as a self-fulfilling prophecy for Chris, and he even pointed out that her predictions for his future fall in line with general hopes, such as living in a nice apartment in

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Coporate Finance Case Study - 5492 Words

___________________________________________________________________ Case Study corporate finance Case 28 – An Introduction to Debt Policy and Value Case 30 – MCI Communications, Corp.: Capital Structure Theory ___________________________________________________________________ Table of Contents Case 28 - An Introduction to Debt Policy and Value 3 Effects of Debt on the Value of the Firm 3 Split of Value between Creditors and Shareholders 4 Source of Value Creation 4 Effects on Value per Share 5 The Benefits of Leveraging for the Shareholders 6 The Macroeconomic Benefit of Debts 7 Koppers Company, Inc. 7 Case 30 – MCI Communications, Corp.: Capital Structure Theory 9 Introduction 9 Cost of Capital 9 Costs of†¦show more content†¦Source of Value Creation While in table 2 is illustrated, where the additional value from an increased leverage is going, we now have a closer look at where the change in value is coming from. For this purpose, we divide the free cash flow of the firm into pure business flows and cash flows resulting from financing effects and discount them at a consistent rate reflecting the cash flows’ risk. As shown in table 3, the total value of cash flow is increasing if debt is augmented. It is also obvious that this increase in value is generated by the cash flows resulting from financing effects. But how does this gain come about? In fact, table 3 illustrates one of the most important theories in corporate finance, which says that the value of a levered firm is equal to the value of an unlevered firm plus the present value of the tax shield provided by debt (Copeland, Weston and Shastri, 2005, p. 562). Since the tax authority treats interest going to the bondholders differently from the way it treats earnings going to stockholders, there emerges a difference in the tax payment the firm has to fulfil. Actually, the firm’s tax payment is positively related to its debt, as the interest is not taken into account by corporate taxation while earnings after interest but before taxes are taxed at the existing tax rate (which in this case is 35%). The increased value of the total cash flow in table 3 arises therefore from the so-called tax shield associatedShow MoreRelatedFIN553 Penelope Case Group 2 Essay627 Words   |  3 Pagesï » ¿ FIN553 Advanced Coporate Finance Case Study: Penelopes Personal Pocket Phones Group 2 Brian Erber, Jaime Carreno, Wenliang Zhang, Xue Liu (Introduction) Background info about the project. In order to evaluate the NPV of the first-generation phone (project) ignoring the possibility of investing in the second-generation phone (project), we projected the free cash flows (FCF) of the first-generation phone through 2001 to 2006. 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If geographical spread continues to grow, this will ensure Tesco’s continued regional strength. http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2009/nov/10/tesco-waitrose-win-market-share Insurance In fiscal 2003 Tesco Personal Finance reached the milestone of one million motor insurance policies, making it the fastest growing motor insurance provider ever. The group’s instant travel insurance allows Clubcard holders to buy their holiday insurance conveniently at the checkout. PetRead MoreDiscounted Cash Flow Analysis - Empirical Study12804 Words   |  52 PagesAn empirical study of the discounted cash flow model Martin Edsinger1, Christian Stenberg2 June 2008 Master’s thesis in Accounting and Financial Management Stockholm School of Economics Abstract The purpose of this thesis is to compare the practical use of the DCF model with the theoretical recommendations. The empirical study is based on eight different DCF models performed by American, European and Nordic investment banks on the Swedish retail company Hennes Mauritz (HM). These modelsRead MoreCase Study Molson Coors Brewing Company5316 Words   |  22 PagesCASE STUDY: MOLSON COORS BREWING COMPANY 1. COMPANY HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND GROWTH The Molson Coors Brewing Company is an alcohol beverage company. It manufactures and markets beers and other beverage products through its subsidiaries across the world. Commercializes its products under a line of owned and partner brands. MCBC operates through four reportable segments, namely, Canada, the US, the UK, and Molson Coors International (MCI). Some of its major brands include Coors Light, MolsonRead MoreCase Study Molson Coors Brewing Company5324 Words   |  22 PagesCASE STUDY: MOLSON COORS BREWING COMPANY 1. COMPANY HISTORY, DEVELOPMENT AND GROWTH The Molson Coors Brewing Company is an alcohol beverage company. It manufactures and markets beers and other beverage products through its subsidiaries across the world. Commercializes its products under a line of owned and partner brands. MCBC operates through four reportable segments, namely, Canada, the US, the UK, and Molson Coors International (MCI). Some of its major brands include Coors Light, Molson CanadianRead MoreAccounting Theory Assignment13240 Words   |  53 PagesGà ©nà ©ral designed for public sector enterprises. France’s accounting history goes back till 1630 and factors such as the legal system, enterprise ownership and other country influences have contributed to the evolution. Using Gray, Hofstede and GLOBE studies, we can see how France’s culture affects the accounting system, and these findings are being compared to European Union and the World Average as a whole to have a better understanding. Two concepts, Harmonization and Global Financial C risis are theRead MoreSample Resume : Marketing Assistant Workshop Supervisor Essay9105 Words   |  37 Pagestechnical competencies from your major, and other areas of study †¢ use authoritative sources †¢ provide in-text references in APA (6th ed.) †¢ include a Reference List with the full reference (APA 6th ed.) Throughout Co-operative Education you will be focusing on how you are achieving the BBus Learning Goals set out below: Learning Goal 1: Be self-directed, reflective learners Learning Goal 2: Be knowledgeable in their major field(s) of study Learning Goal 3: Be critical enquirers and creative problem

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

American Pageant Chapter 1 Study Guide Free Essays

Chapter 1 Summary Millions of years ago, the two American continents became geologically separated from the Eastern Hemisphere land masses where humanity originated. The first people to enter these continents came across a temporary land bridge from Siberia about 35,000 years ago. Spreading across the two continents, they developed a great diversity of societies based largely on corn agriculture and hunting, In North America, their societies were less numerous and urbanized than in South America, though some peoples like the Pueblo and Iroquois developed complex social orders. We will write a custom essay sample on American Pageant Chapter 1 Study Guide or any similar topic only for you Order Now The impetus for European colonization came from the desire for new trade routes to the East, the spirit and technological discoveries of the Renaissance, and the power of the new European national monarchies. The European encounters with America and Africa, beginning with the Portuguese and Spanish explorers, convulsed the entire world. Biological change, disease, population loss, conquest, slavery, cultural change, and economic expansion were just some of the consequences of the commingling of two ecosystems. After they conquered and then intermarried with Indians of the great civilizations of South America and Mexico, the Spanish conquistadors expanded northward into the northern border territories of Florida, New Mexico and California. There they established small but permanent settlements in competition with the French and English explorers who were also venturing into North America Identification Chapter 1 1. Extended period when glaciers covered most of the North American continent 2. Staple Crop that formed the economic foundation of Indian civilizations 3. Important Mississippian culture site, near present East St. Louis, Illinois. 4. First European nation to send explorers around the west coast of Africa 5. Flourishing West African kingdom that had its capital and university at Timbuktu 6. Mistaken term that European explorers gave to American lands because of the false belief that they were off the coast of Asia 7. Animal introduced by Europeans that transformed the Indian way of life on the Great Plains 8. Among the major European diseases that devastated Native American populations after 1492 (name two) 9. Disease originating in Americas that was transmitted to Europeans after 1492 10. Treaty that secured Spanish title to lands in Americas by dividing them with Portugal 11. Wealthy capital of the Aztec empire 12. Person of mixed European and Indian ancestry 13. Indian uprising in New Mexico caused by Spanish efforts to suppress Indian religion 14. Indian people of the Rio Grande Valley who were cruelly oppressed by the Spanish conquerors 15. Roman Catholic religious order of friars that organized a chain of missions in California Chapter 1 MC 1. The geologically oldest mountains in North America are A. the Appalachians B. the Rockies C. the Cascades D. he Sierra Nevada 2. The Indian peoples of the New World A. developed no advanced forms of civilization B. were divided into many diverse culture speaking more than two thousand different languages C. were all organized into the two large empires of the Incas and the Aztecs D. relied primarily on nomadic herding of domesticated animals for their sustenance 3. The Iroquois Confederacy remained a strong political milita ry influence until A. The Spanish conquest of the Americas B. The fur trade was wiped out in the early 1700s C. The French and Indian War D. The American Revolution . Among the important forces that first stimulated European interest in trade and discovery was A, the Christian crusaders who brought back a taste for the silks and spices of Asia B. the Arab slaver traders on the east coast of Africa C. the Scandinavian sailors who had kept up continuous trade contacts with North America D. the division of Spain into small kingdoms competing for wealth and power 5. Among the most important American Indian products to spread to the Old World were A. animals such as buffalo and horses B. technologies such as the compass and the wheel C. conomic systems such as plantation agriculture and livestock raising D. foodstuffs such as maize, beans, and tomatoes 6. The primary staples of Indian agriculture were A. potatoes, beets, and barley B. rice, manioc, and peanuts C. maize, beans, and squash D. wheat, oats, and corn 7. The number of Indians in North America at the time Columbus arrived was approximately A. one million B. four million C. twenty million D. two hundred and fifty million 8. Before Columbus arrived, the only Europeans to have temporarily visited North America were A. The Greeks B. The Irish C. The Norse D. The Italians 9. The Portuguese were the first to enter the slave trade and establish large-scale plantation using slave labor in A. B. C. D. West Africa The Atlantic Sugar Islands The West Indies Brazil 10. Much of the impetus for Spanish exploration and pursuit of glory came from Spain’s recent A. successful wars with England B. national unification and expulsion of the Muslim Moors C. voyages of discovery along the coast of Africa D. conversion to Roman Catholicism 11. A crucial political development that paved the way for the European colonization of America was A. the rise of Italian city-states like Venice and Genoa B. the feudal nobles’ political domination of the merchant class C. the rise of the centralized national monarchies such as that of Spain D. the political alliance between the Christian papacy and Muslim traders 12. The primary reason for the drastic decline in the Indian population after the encounter with the European was A. the rise of intertribal warfare B. the Indian’s lack of resistance to European diseases such as smallpox and malaria C. the sharp decline in the Mexican birthrate D. the sudden introduction of the deadly disease syphilis to the New World 13. Cortes and his men were able to conquer the Aztec capital Tenochitlan partly because A. They had larger forces than the Aztecs B. The Aztec ruler Montezuma believed that Cortes was a god whose return had been predicted C. The Aztecs were peace-loving people who did not believe in war or conquest D. The city of Tenochitlan already had been devastated by a disease epidemic 14. The primary early colonial competitor with Spain in the New World was A. Portugal B. Italy C. France D. England 15. The belief that the Spanish only killed, tortured, and stole in the Americas while doing nothing good is called A. he encomienda B. the mission of civilization C. the Evil Empire D. the Black Legend D. Matching people, places, and Events Chapter 1 __1. Ferdinand and Isabella A. Female Indian slave who served as an interpreter for Cortes __ 2. Cortes and Pizarro B. Legendary founder of the powerful Iroquois Confederacy __ 3. Lake Bonneville C. Wealthy capital of the Aztec empire __ 4. Dias and da Gam a D. Financiers and beneficiaries of Columbus’s voyages to the New World __ 5. Columbus E. Portuguese Navigators who sailed around the African coast __ 6. Malinche F. Founded in 1565, the oldest continually inhabited European settlement in United States territory __ 7. Montezuma G. Italian-born navigator sent by English to explore North American Coast in 1498 __ 8. Hiawatha H. Italian-born explorer who thought that he had arrived off the coast of Asia rather than on unknown continents __ 9. Tenochtitlan I. Powerful Aztec monarch who fell to Spanish conquerors __ 10. St. Augustine J. Spanish conquerors of great Indian civilizations __ 11. John Cabot K. Franciscan missionary who settled California __ 12. Junipero Serra L. Inland sea left by melting glaciers whose remnant is the Great Salt Lake How to cite American Pageant Chapter 1 Study Guide, Essay examples

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Comparison Of Models For Marginal Biofuels -Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Comparison Of Models For Marginal Biofuels? Answer: Introduction The air we breathe the sun that gives warmth and the clouds that bring the showers are all elements of environment. Where the environment is not taken care of, it results in a number of stakeholders being harmed, and the leading one in this are the humans. This marketing it important to take care of the environment1. Due to the rising awareness on the issues surrounding environment, particularly the negative impact caused on the environment, which results in its detriment, responsibility has been imposed on the regulatory bodies to safeguard the environment2. As a result of this, different regulations have been imposed, where the purpose is to protect and safeguard the environment. These regulations are particularly applicable on the industries, which are known for polluting the environment as a regulatory measure, and acts as guidance for the other industries3. This study focuses on the work done by the power generation industry, and its impact on the environment. Description of Operations and Processes in Power Generation Industry There are different ways of power generation and the top two ways include the electric power generation and the thermal power generation. There is a heavy reliance of the power generation industry on the heating and on the conditioning services. The electric power is generated through central station generators, located in remote areas, which are far from the consumption point. Based on the type of power generation, the particular processes are undertaken. Environmental Aspects, their Impacts and Prioritisation To turn on the light, simply a switch has to be flicked. To get water, a tap has to be turned. No efforts have to be made for breathing the air. These are all the different gifts which are given to us through the nature. Imagining the life without these elements is not even possible now4. But it takes a lot more for the light to come than just flicking a switch. Per se a lot of background activities are undertaken for the light to reach the bulb on flicking a switch. These background activities are undertaken in power generation and by the entire industry dedicated towards power generation. In Singapore, there is no single source for generation of power, and includes natural gas and waste, along with the other means like solar and wind power generation. Some power generation plants use oil fired thermal, some gas, and the others use waste to energy as the source of power generation. There will be a continued reliance on fossil fuel even in the next decade for power generation in the nation due to the substitute energy sources being able to be deployed to limited extent and nuclear power not being in the agenda of the nation in near future5. There are a number of environmental aspects which have a possibility of significantly impacting the environment due to the power generation activities and these include: CO2 emissions are the key polluter which have a negative impact over the environment, and affects the entire ecosystem6. The priority on this is due to the same resulting in global warming, which is the key theme in any and all regulations across the globe, and also included in concepts like corporate governance and corporate social responsibility7. Global warming and climate change due to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, owing to burning of fossil fuels coupled with deforestation8. Depletion of natural resources is linked with sustainability9. Depletion of marine life due to the naturally occurring natural gas steeping from ocean floor. This is coupled with poisoning and the risks of ruptures and leaks in pipelines10. Hampering biodiversity due to the extinction of different flora, fauna and marine life. Waste accumulation from nuclear reactors is often radioactive, which causes a negative environment impact for years to come11. Indirect land use impacting bio-fuels is related to the unintentional result of CO2 emissions being released owing to the land use changes12. Dislocation of individuals living near reservoirs, due to the depletion of the ecosystem, forcing in the tribal and aboriginal individuals being affected gravely. Disruptive aquatic ecosystems and bird life due to high pollutants in the air. Major release of carbon dioxide at construction and flooding of reservoir. Adverse impact over the river environment due to heavy metal and chlorine in the cooling water discharges13. Risks of terrorism and sabotage when hydroelectricity is used. Catastrophic failures in rare cases of dam wall affecting the life nearby. Geothermal plants having major impact on local ecosystem. Earth tremors caused due to removal of ground water and accelerated cooling of rock formations. Solar power resulting in creation of solar cells made of silica, extraction of which requires fossil fuel, resulting in CO2 being produced14. Fracking or hydraulic fracturing due to use of shale gas15. General population safety due to the possibility of natural gas pipelines, spread across thousands of miles, corroding and weakening over time. In case of rupture in these pipelines, there is possibility of explosions. Example of this can be seen in the corrosions in pipes resulting in the Massachusetts explosions. Another example is of New Mexico where 12 people were killed due to explosion in 200010. Nuclear power posing routine health risks, along with the greenhouse has emission owing to the nuclear fission power Disruption of land wildlife due to drilling for natural gas. hale gas concerns regarding population, for instance groundwater poisoning. Use of other modes like coal again contributes to carbon emissions. In comparison to the other nations, which are major polluters due to reliance on coal, Singapore refrains from using coal as a source of power generation, but this continues to be an alternative source. The info graphic presented below further highlights the use of sources used by different nations for power generation. This shows the reliance by Singapore on the natural gas for power generation, which is a major contributor of carbon emissions16. The key environmental impact due to the power generation industry working in Singapore is the carbon dioxide generation. This is due to the fact that Singapore relies on natural gas for its power generation. When the natural gas is burned, carbon dioxide is produced. Carbon dioxide traps the heat in the upper atmosphere and this results in greenhouse has, which is a major cause for global warming, as per The Natural Gas Supply Association. As per the World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF) 2012 report, Singapore had the biggest carbon footprint per person in the region of Asia Pacific. For meeting the demands of resources, 3.5 planets would be needed17. This view does not bode well with the government due to their report that emission in the nursing using carbon as a form of power generation is higher in comparison to Singapore. Vivian Balakrishnan, the erstwhile environment minster responded to this by stating that the manner in which Singapore utilizes its resources, the way the transportation system is organized and the way energy is generated, the nation has done far better in comparison to others. Around 80% of the power generation of the nation comes from natural gas which is the cleanest fossil fuel as per Energy Market Authority17. Yet, it cannot be denied that power generation is the key source of carbon emissions in the nation, and due to the limited capacity of the nation to make effective use of the alternative energy sources, reliance is placed heavily on the imported fossil fuel for powering the nation. Due to the increased CO2 levels, the global warning is caused, which in turn causes climate change. When fossil fuels are burnt to generate power, the greenhouse gas emissions are caused. The need for energy is not only rising in Singapore but across the globe. The projected population growth highlights the urgent need to deal with the greenhouse gas emissions. There is also the depletion of natural resources in terms of deforestation, impact on biodiversity, marine life, wildlife and bird life being affected due to the changes in environment and the emissions. Due to the waste accumulation, biodiversity is hampered. The marine life in particular is impacted due to activities like fracking, which in turn impacts the entire ecosystem, including the humans. Even the other modes of power generation are coupled with their shortfalls, resulting in carbon dioxide emissions. To elucidate the risk factor of CO2 emissions, the same has been put in the risk matrix. Risk Matrix Likelihood Unlikely Likely Very Likely Consequences Minor Serious Disaster 25 The remaining risks have been put in a risk assessment matrix, to better analyse their gravity, and the same is attached in Appendix 1. Pollution Control Technologies One cannot deny the fact that power is the main driver to the human progress. For maintaining economic development and the way of life, there is a need for constant access to power and that too at affordable prices. Due to the impact of power on the personal welfare and also on the economic effectiveness, there is a need for maintaining strict quality standards by the power suppliers for providing their services and that too at competitive costs. This requires adherence to extremely high performance ratios. There is also a need to effectively collaborate for developing infrastructure which could guarantee the supply on both medium and long term. Further there is a need to be respectful to the environment, especially owing to the reluctance of the society in continuing to rely on the power generation techniques which are polluting. In order to do so, there is a need to manage the investments and the operating costs in an effective manner. The different power generation sources have to be integrated effectively and this is both for the micro grids to the full scale conventional fuelled plants. There is a need to adopt the IT techniques which could improve the efficiency and effectiveness of services18. Amongst the different energy options, solar energy is the most promising one for the nation. By switching to the other modes of power generation, the emissions related to CO2 can be curbed, which is the key cause of concern for Singapore. There is also the option of switching to the coal as a source of power generation in place of natural gas, but this method is also coupled with high emissions. The other option which could help in dealing with the negative impact of the power generation industry on the environment is cogeneration, which is the generation of electricity and heat through the same process19 Again, this process would help in reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases like the CO2. The next manner of bringing down the environmental impact is to create more energy with lesser CO2 emitters, by adopting the lower CO2 emission solutions. One could also make use of shale technology, and the earlier stated solar energy as these are the new technologies, which can bring down the negative impact stated above. Shale gas for the purpose of power generation has already enabled US in achieving major reducing in the CO2 emissions in the past years. This could prove to be of help for Singapore also. Solar power has already seen a major ramp up in the nation in the recent past due to rising efficiency and falling costs in harnessing the power of sun4. Another pollution controlling technology in context of the power generation industry is the shift towards fuel mix. At present, the majority of fuel of the nation comes from the Malaysian and Indonesian natural gas pipelines. Though, by improving upon the technology for harnessing and also storing the electricity, greater reliance on renewable sources are expected, particularly the solar energy. In context of solar energy, it has already been announced by the government of Singapore that the electricity demand would be met through solar means by 2020 to 5%. Fuel mix would also drive developments in the clean technology in context of shale gas extraction and burning goal, which are both cheap and abundant sources. However, both of these are coupled with limitations due to the groundwater poising through sale gas and coal resulting in carbon emissions. In line with the regulations of Singapore, there is a need to bring worth and support the policies based on the economic principle of t axing the negative externalities. For instance, the present road use tax for congested roads, cigarette taxation imposed on passive smokers, and emissions from car for pollution created20. Recommended Control Measures From the different alternatives discussed above, the best two options for controlling the pollution, management impacts and complying with the regulations of the nation, are reliance being placed on solar energy and cogeneration. The reason for focus on these two measures stems from the fact that both of these help in reducing the carbon emissions. The different regulations which would be fulfilled with this reduction include the Environmental Pollution Control Act and the Environmental Pollution Control (Air Impurities) Regulations21. Alternative energy sources This is the best time for investments to be made in the alternative energy sources, particularly the renewable energy sources like solar energy. As stated earlier, solar power is being increasingly used in Singapore for the purpose of power generation and is in line with the more conventional sources. As peer Alvin Yeo, who held the post of director of industry development of the Energy Market Authority, there has been a nineteen fold jump in the nation in the solar powered energy, which is further supported by a number of government initiatives. Solar energy is relied on more and more due to its abundance and due to it being a clean energy solution. These help particularly in checking the carbon emissions. It also helps in hedging the energy spending due to the low prices being locked for longer periods in comparison to the other sources, particularly the ones with fluctuating prices4. Singapore is particularly well suited for the solar energy due to the perennial sunny climate. There has been a major fall in the prices of solar panels due to the entry of China as a producer in the market of solar panels20. Solar energy is the most promising opportunity for the nation as a power generation source, particularly due to the fall in the solar photovoltaic panel prices, and this has made solar energy economical in comparison to the electricity which is derived from the fossil fuels. The SolarNova programme has also been brought forth to accelerate the solar development and to promote the solar demand across the agencies16. Though, in making use of solar power, care would have to be taken, as this mode of power generation is also coupled with its disadvantages. When the solar cells are created, they are made primarily of silica from the sand. When the silicon is extracted from silica, it often requires the usage of fossil fuels. However, the newer manufacturing processes of the same have helped in elimination of the CO2 production. Also, there is the problem of upfront costs to environment due to production but the clean energy offered through solar power cannot be denied across the lifespan of solar cell. Thus, more or less, the demerits of solar energy are cancelled out. Cogeneration In order to generate energy and power in a more responsible manner, reliance could be placed on cogeneration, where both heat and electricity are generated from the very same process which helps in getting a higher amount of useful energy in same fuel amount. In the majority of power plants which are across the globe, 2/3rd of energy which is produced gets wasted in form of excess heat. As a result of this, the fuel is not made use of to the max of its efficiency. When cogeneration is adopted, a part of the heat generated through the burning of fuel gets captured and is recycled for the other processes or for the purpose of building heat. This helps in extracting higher sum of useful energy from the same fuel, resulting in higher fuel efficiency. This in turn results in the fuel consumption being reduced, which causes emissions of carbon dioxide to be reduced19. Cogeneration technology is basically the energy efficient solution for the facilities which required electricity and thermal energy. The investment in such technology would help in reducing carbon emissions and also in saving costs. This technology is already being used at Singapore Refinery site since October 2017 at Pioneer Road. This has resulted in energy efficiency of the refinery being increased by 4-5% which has brought down 265 kilo tonnes of CO2 emissions each year19. Conclusions Thus, from the discussion undertaken in the previous segments, it becomes clear that power generation in Singapore is coupled with a number of negative environmental impacts and the leading one in this is the carbon dioxide emissions, which create ripple effects and result in different a number of issues like global warming, depletion of wildlife and natural resources, disrupting the biodiversity and even causes threat on the life of general public. Due to these reasons, it becomes crucial to deal with this issue; and for this purpose, different pollution control measures could be deployed. The best options in this regard however have been covered in detail in the recommendation segment and these two are the reliance being placed on solar energy and cogeneration. Through the adoption of these two measures, the carbon dioxide emissions, which are the key cause of concern from the present day power generation activities in the nation, can be given away with. This would also help in bri nging down the costs associated with power generation in the nation. References Hoffman AJ, Georg S. Business and the Natural Environment. Hoffman AJ, Georg S, editors. Oxon: Routledge; 2013. Nurdianto DA. Energy perspectives on Singapore and the region. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies; 2007. Gray WB, editor. Economic costs and consequences of environmental regulation. Oxon: Routledge; 2018 Jan 18. Warren Fernandez. How will Singapore power the future? Experts discuss energy options [Internet]. Singapore: The Straits Times. 2016 July 10 [cited 2018 Feb 05]. Available from: https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/environment/how-will-singapore-power-the-future Finenko A, Cheah L. Carbon Dioxide Reduction Potential in Singapores Power Generation Sector. Energy Procedia. 2014; 61:527 532. Ng WH. Singapore, the Energy Economy: From the First Refinery to the End of Cheap Oil, 1960-2010. Oxon: Routledge; 2013 May 24. Boubaker S, Nguyen DK. Corporate governance and corporate social responsibility: Emerging markets focus. Singapore: World Scientific; 2014 Sep 26. Cen KF, Chi Y, Yan J, editors. Challenges of power engineering and environment: proceedings of the International Conference on Power Engineering 2007. New York: Springer Science Business Media; 2009 Mar 27. George G, Schillebeeckx SJ, Liak TL. The management of natural resources: An overview and research agenda. Academy of Management Journal. 2015 Dec 1; 58(6):1595-613. Tony Oldhand. The Negative Effects of Natural Gas. [Internet]. New York: Healthy Living. 2018 [cited 2018 Feb 05]. Available from: https://healthyliving.azcentral.com/the-negative-effects-of-natural-gas-12517105.htm Goswami DY, Kreith F, editors. Energy efficiency and renewable energy handbook. London: CRC Press; 2015 Sep 9. Edwards R, Mulligan D, Marelli L. Indirect land use change from increased biofuels demand. Comparison of models and results for marginal biofuels production from different feedstocks., EC Joint Research Centre, Ispra. 2010 Sep. Rosenbaum WA. American energy: the politics of 21st century policy. Australia: CQ Press; 2014 Feb 18. Vinutha HD, Kaddi SS. Electric Load Assessment. Journal of Information, Knowledge and Research in Computer Engineering. 2016 Jan 25; Rahm D. Regulating hydraulic fracturing in shale gas plays: The case of Texas. Energy Policy. 2011 May 1; 39(5):2974-81. Power Generation. [Internet]. Singapore: NCCS. 2018 [cited 2018 Feb 05]. Available from: https://www.nccs.gov.sg/climate-change-and-singapore/reducing-emissions/power-generation Jeffrey Hays. Environmental Issues in Singapore: Global Warming, Sumatran Fires. Recycling and the Illegal Animal Trade. [Internet]. Singapore: Facts and Details. 2008 [updated 2015; June cited 2018 Feb 05]. Available from: https://factsanddetails.com/southeast-asia/Singapore/sub5_7a/entry-3795.html The future of the global power sector. [Internet]. London: Deloitte. 2015 [June cited 2018 Feb 05]. Available from: https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/global/Documents/Energy-and-Resources/gx-power-future-global-power-sector-report.pdf Joshua Wong. Generating power responsibly. [Internet]. Singapore: The Straits Times. 2017 Dec 11 [cited 2018 Feb 05]. Available from: https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/environment/how-will-singapore-power-the-future Euston Quah and Christabelle Soh. Dynamic future in power generation. [Internet]. Singapore: The Straits Times. 2014 Oct 29 [cited 2018 Feb 05]. Available from: https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/environment/dynamic-future-in-power-generation Ministry of Environment. Chapter 1 Overviews of Environmental Issues and Environmental Conservation Measures in Singapore. [Internet] Japan: Ministry of Environment. 2012 [cited 2018 Feb 05]. Available from: https://www.env.go.jp/earth/coop/oemjc/singa/e/singapore_e_1.pdf

Monday, March 23, 2020

Before 1865 Essays - British East India Company,

Before 1865 Brooke Massa Massa 1 American Civilization to 1865 October 18, 1999 Nationalism first emerged as the Colonists became more and more Democratic. Some argue that Democracy had always existed in the colonies, but didn't begin to emerge until around the beginning of ?The Enlightenment?. I believe that Nationalism was present during the Revolutionary Era, but then faded again, adding fuel to the fire during the Civil War. Colonists exhibited all the aspects of Nationalism. They had a shared sense of cultural identity, a goal of political self determination, and the overwhelming majority shared a loyalty to a single national state. Colonists were thousands of miles from the king, the parliament, and Great Britain, this led to a new way of life. While many aspects of colonial society were taken directly from that of England society, they also formed new beliefs and customs as they saw fit. The Enlightenment ?Helped produce a growing interest in education and a heightened concern with politics and government.? (Brinkley pg. 85) With this rise of intellectual curiosity also came the rise of literacy and technology within the colonies. The literacy rates rose and more and more people had readily avaliable texts. The invention of the printing press led to an influx of printed material, much of which delt with politics. Books, pamphlets, and almanacs all were used in expressing the political ideas of many of our great early politicians. ?One reason the Stamp Act created such a furor in the colonies was because printing technology-and thus print itself-had by then become central to colonial life. Massa 2 The colonies, like any nation, wanted to be self-sufficient, but due to the fixed amount of wealth, this was impossible unless they obtained an outside source of income. Mercantilism was a essential part of colonial society, the demand for imported goods was great. England passed the Navigation Acts to limit the Colonies trade with outside sources. The Sugar Act, which again prohibited trade, especially that of sugar, between the colonies, and the French and Spanish Claims in the West Indies. With all the restrictions placed upon them, it was only natural that the colonists would break these restrictions. Britain passed a series of Acts which included: the Hat Act, the Currency Act, the Iron Act, and the Stamp Acts. When colonists heard of these acts, they began to stir. At first the colonies thought that there was little or nothing to be done. Then in 1765, the Virginia House of Burgesses added fuel to the fire. Patrick Henry stated that it was ridiculous for the colonists to pay taxed to a government that they had no representation in. This and other resoulutions were printed and deemed the ?Virginia Resolves?. At the same time in Massachusetts, James Otis was calling for an intercolonial congress. After the end of the French and Indian War, there were 4 problems which in turn directly led to the rise of Nationalism and the Revolution: 1. In 1765 the British acquire a great deal of land in the U.S. through the Treaty of Paris. 2. The end of the war led Great Britain to reinforce the Navigation Acts. 3. The war removed the 1 basic bond that was still remaining between the U.K. and the U.S., that which was defending the colonies agains the French. 4. The French and Indian War led to a 130 million pound British Debt. This staggering war debt was another reason that England passed the Stamp Acts. These events helped to strengthen the colonists sense of cultural identity and help the rise towards Nationalism. Massa 3 With all the restrictions placed upon them, it was only natural that the concept of political self-determination arose. Colonists felt that they must ban together to rise against the British. The trade situation was a determing factor in the rise of colonial political systems. Britian realized that the colonies were beginning to ?think on their own? and a series of British government institutions began in the U.S. There were Vice Admiralty Courts, the Board of Trade and Plantations, and many economic and trade regulations. All colonies had Royal Governors and colonial officials. In October of 1765, the Stamp Act Congress met and drafted a petition to England stating that colonists could only be taxed from their own provincial governments, and not from Britian. The protests worked, because Britain soon overturned the Stamp Act. The colonies were apparently ?calm? until the 1770's when England again passed restrictive acts, this time the Intolerable Acts.

Friday, March 6, 2020

Stanford Prison Experiment and Ethics Essay Example

Stanford Prison Experiment and Ethics Essay Example Stanford Prison Experiment and Ethics Paper Stanford Prison Experiment and Ethics Paper Banks, W. C. Zimbardo, P. G. (1973). A study of prisoners and guards in a simulated prison. Naval Research Review, 30, 4-17. Shaughnessy, J. J. , Zechmeister, E. B. , Zechmeister, J. S. (2006). ‘Research Methods’ in Psychology Seventh Edition. Boston: McGraw Hill. ‘Stanford Prison Experiment Still Powerful After All These Years’. Stanford University News Service. August 1. 1997. Stanford. California

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Health promotion Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3500 words

Health promotion - Essay Example The Nature of Health Information 11 2civ. The Nature of Health 13 2cv. Ethical and Cultural Considerations 13 3. Future Recommendation With Regards to Obesity 14 Part B 15 Individual Reflection 15 References 18 Bibliography 22 Overview The lifestyle of the people often tends to determine the occurrence of illness and at times lead people towards future illness. However, large part of the populace fails to adhere to the healthy lifestyle. For instance, obesity can be considered as the major risk factor for the cardiovascular diseases, osteoarthritis, cancer, premature mortality, type two diabetes mellitus and several other medical conditions (University of Maryland, 2011). Part A 1. Health Issue Related To Lifestyle Behaviour That Is Obesity Lifestyle can be described as a way through which the people generally invest in health. There are varieties of health related habits such as material factors along with psychological factors that can have an impact upon a person’s health. The health promotion encompasses variety of mechanism and implementation strategies that include fostering self-care, risk factor detection, health enhancement and health maintenance. It is to be noted that the major tasks of the health promotion involve both to understand the health behaviour and the transformation of the knowledge about the behaviour into a few important strategies for the enhancement of health. There are various lifestyle factors that affect the health of the individuals. It has been noted that the behavioural and the social issues that have an impact upon the health include smoking, diet, nutrition and alcohol. Obesity can contribute to the variety of health related problems such as heart diseases, high blood pressure, indigestion, diabetes and also cancer (Clemen-Stone & Et. Al., 2002). It has been evident that few basic behavioural approaches to health can help to dramatically change the risk and reduce the impact of such issue on the health of the individual. There are certain factors that are responsible for the health issues. Each and every individual endure a certain kind of lifestyle. A few may be living a healthy lifestyle while others may be living an unhealthy lifestyle. The health benefits of the physically active lifestyle are well documented and there are huge evidences which suggest that the regular activity is related to reduce incidence of various chronic conditions. However, it has been noted that quite a few number of people live a healthy lifestyle. The physical activity may provide health benefits to the individuals and the regular physical activity may contribute to improvement of the health outcomes irrespective of the fact whether the individual has lost weight (Jakicic & Otto, 2005). It has been found from the information centre that the rate of obesity in England is increasing every year (The information Center, 2011). It was in the year 2008, when almost a quarter of the adults in England were categorised as obese . The age group of such victims have been 16 or more. It was further observed that about thirty nine percent of the adults had a ‘raised waist circumference’ in the year 2008. The most surprising fact was that the percentage of ‘raised waist circumference’ was evident more in women in comparison to men. It was further observed that boys were more likely to participate in the suggested level of physical activities in the year 2008 when compared to girls. The study of percentages makes it quite apparent that the number of boys